Test results

Once you’ve provided your blood or urine sample and sealed it for delivery, it will be sent to a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accredited or approved laboratory for analysis.  (Most samples collected in New Zealand go to a laboratory in Sydney.)

The laboratory is not given any athlete names. Only numbers are used to identify a sample.

The samples are analysed to detect prohibited substances or prohibited methods.  Your sample may be frozen and stored for a period of 10 years for further analysis.

There are three possible results following the analysis of the sample:

Result What it means
A negative result There’s no prohibited substance or method present
An atypical finding A prohibited substance has been identified that is outside of the normal range and further investigation is required. 
An adverse analytical finding A prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers or a prohibited method have been identified in your sample.

What happens if the result is negative?

If your result is negative, Drug Free Sport NZ will notify you that your test result is negative.  This can take up to four weeks.

What happens if the result is positive (an adverse analytical finding)?

If your sample tests positive for a prohibited substance or method, Drug Free Sport NZ will:

  • check that the proper procedures were followed to collect your sample
  • check whether you have a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) in place to explain the findings
  • determine whether any further investigation is needed.   

Drug Free Sport NZ will notify you that you’ve tested positive for a banned substance or method.  This letter will give you details about the process and will outline the possible consequences for you.  You will also be asked if you’d like your “B” sample analysed.

Drug Free Sport NZ must also notify your National Sporting Organisation of the test result and any other organisations that may need to be told under New Zealand’s Sports Anti-Doping Rules.  

This process is completely confidential, but it’s likely that at this point that you will be provisionally suspended from sport.

The “B” sample result

If you opt for your second “B” sample to be tested and it returns a negative result, then both you and your National Sporting Organisation will be informed that you’ve returned a negative result.

If your “B” sample confirms the positive result found in the “A” sample, the case will be reviewed to determine whether the rules have been followed.

If it is deemed that an Anti-Doping Rule Violation has occurred you, your National Sporting Organisation and the body responsible for hearing the case will be informed (in most cases, this will be the  New Zealand Sports Tribunal).

Drug Free Sport NZ will not discuss your case publicly or release your name except in special circumstances before a finding has been made by the hearing body.

Find out more about doping control:

Find out more about doping control: