Therapeutic Use Exemptions

There is a process which allows you to take a medication containing a banned substance if you need to for medical reasons.  This is called a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE).

You may need to apply for a TUE if you get sick or injured and require medication or if you have an ongoing medical condition that requires treatment, such as diabetes or asthma.

If athletes compete at a certain level and in certain competitions, they may need to apply for a TUE before they take medication which contains a prohibited substance. 

If you meet any of the following criteria, you will need a TUE in advance of competing:

  • assigned to DFSNZ's Registered Testing Pool or National Testing Pool, 
  • selected in a New Zealand Olympic, Paralympic, or Commonwealth Games team, 
  • if you are registered, qualified, selected, named or contracted for the listed teams and events:
Level of competition at which a TUE in advance is required
Sport National International IF
Athletics Athletes who enter in the senior category at the National Track and Field Championships Black singlet competitions World Athletics

Athletes who are selected in the Breakers Squad.

Athletes who are selected in the National Basketball League (men) or Women's Basketball Championships Squads.

Tall Blacks squad (men)

Tall Ferns squad (women)

CanoeingAthletes who enter in the Open Age category at the Canoe Spring National ChampionshipsAthletes selected in the Canoe Racing NZ Open National team (men and women)ICF

Plunket Shield, 50 Over and T20 competitions (men)

Women's One Day and T20 competitions

Black Caps contracted player list

White Ferns Squad contracted player list

CyclingElite/Senior or Open Age categories at National Championship events (includes road, track, mountain bike and BMX championships)Athletes selected to compete at the elite level at a World Championship event (includes road, track, mountain bike and BMX)UCI

Athletes selected for the Wellington Phoenix Squad

Men's National League Squad

Women's National League Squad

All Whites Squad (men)

Football Ferns Squad (women)

HockeyNational Hockey Championship Tier 1 (men and women)Black Sticks Squad (men and women)FIH
NetballANZ PremiershipSilver Ferns SquadINF
RowingPremier grade at the New Zealand National Rowing ChampionshipsAthletes selected in the NZ Rowing Team (elite)FISA
Rugby League

-NZ Warriors Squad and the Warriors Women Squad

-Athletes who compete in the Premiership (tier 1) division of the National Rugby League Competition (men and women)

-Athletes selected in the NZ Kiwis Squad (men) or the Kiwi Ferns squad (women)RLIF
Rugby Union

-Super Rugby competition squad (men)

-Mitre10 Cup squad (men)

-All Blacks and All Blacks 7s Squads (men)

-Black Ferns and Black Ferns 7s Squads (women)

World Rugby
SwimmingOpen age category at the NZ Open ChampionshipsSwimming NZ HPSNZ carded athletesFINA
TriathlonElite (standard distance) category at the National Triathlon ChampionshipsTri NZ HPSNZ carded athletesITU
WeightliftingAthletes who compete in the senior category at the OWNZ Senior and Junior National ChampionshipsAthletes competing in an IWF eventIWF

If you compete at any of the levels described in the table above, you will need a TUE in advance. 

If you're in a national team and you need to take a prohibited medication, then you should apply for a TUE as soon as you are selected. The TUE should remain in place for the duration of the competition (ie until the final play-offs etc). If you lose your place in the team due to injury or performance, you must have a TUE in place as you could still be drug-tested during this time.

Retroactive TUE - available to athletes competing at other levels who return a positive test
Other athletes who may be tested and return a positive test due to a medication, are able to apply for a retroactive TUE (this means you can apply after you have been tested). However, you will still need to meet the criteria  before a TUE will be granted.

You can find out more about the TUE process here:  

The TUE process

The steps below outline the entire TUE process for you.

  1. You tell your medical professional that you’re an athlete who could be drug tested and ask them to bear this in mind when prescribing medication.
  2. Check the status of the medication by using the medication check on this website.
  3. If the substance is prohibited, ask your doctor if there are any alternatives that could be used.
  4. If there’s NO ALTERNATIVE, a TUE application must be completed (in emergency situations, treatment may begin immediately).
  5. You can download an application form here or call us to check whether you need to apply to your International Federation.
  6. Your application must be completed in full by a medical practitioner (preferably the prescribing doctor) and all relevant supporting documentation attached. (Note that most applications require Specialist support). 
  7. Submit your application to Drug Free Sport NZ:  Fax +64 9 580 0381 or PO Box 17451, Greenlane, Auckland 1546 or email us. (Or send your TUE to your International Federation if that’s appropriate).
  8. Your application will be reviewed.
  9. You and your medical professional will be told whether the application has been accepted or rejected. You will be told of any conditions including the date of expiry and restrictions on the use of the medication.

Who needs to apply for a TUE and when?

International Level Athletes

The criteria for an international level athlete is determined by a sport’s International Federation.  If you’re competing internationally you should check with your Federation and be clear about your responsibilities around TUEs because you may have to apply for a TUE from your International Federation rather than Drug Free Sport NZ.

Other Athletes

Other athletes do not require a TUE in advance.  If you’re one of these athletes, you can apply for a retroactive exemption, which means you only need to apply if you’re tested and you return a positive test.  However, you will need to meet the relevant criteria.
If you’re not sure what level athlete you are email us, call us 0800 DRUGFREE (378 437) or contact your National Sport Organisation (NSO) to check.

What do I need to include in my TUE application?

Your medical practitioner will need to provide a variety of information in support of your TUE application.  

This includes:

  • comprehensive medical evidence to justify the use of the treatment, preferably from a specialist
  • confirmation that permitted alternative medications have been tried.

Please check the WADA checklist guidance regarding the medical evidence you need to supply for the most common TUE applications.

If your medication or condition is not listed, direct your doctor to the full list of medical advice from WADA

If you or your medical professional do not submit all of the required information, then your application will be delayed so it’s important that you include the correct documentation.

Drug Free Sport NZ aims to deal with TUE applications quickly and we generally turn them around within five working days.  But don’t leave it until the last minute to apply in case you need to provide further information. 

What if I need emergency treatment?

If you have a serious accident or you require emergency medical treatment, don’t hesitate. Your health always comes first and you should get whatever medical help you need immediately.

Do advise all medical staff that you’re an athlete who could be drug tested and ask them to check whether all medications are prohibited in sport. However, if you do require a prohibited substance or method for the sake of your health, make a TUE application immediately after treatment (a retroactive TUE).

Where do I send my TUE application?

New Zealand athletes will either apply to Drug Free Sport NZ, their International Federation or a major event organiser (e.g. the International Olympic Committee) for a TUE.

Who you apply to for a TUE will depend on what level you compete at and what sport you’re involved in.

Most athletes can apply to Drug Free Sport NZ for a TUE, but it’s best to call us first to check and we’ll let you know whether you need to apply to your International Federation or event organiser. Email us here or call us 0800 DRUGFREE (378 437).

Applications to Drug Free Sport NZ should got to

What does the TUE committee consider?

Getting a TUE may protect athletes from receiving a sanction if a prohibited substance is found in their sample.

An exemption is only granted if the athlete will gain no unfair advantage by using the banned substance or method.  It’s also important that the athlete’s wellbeing not put at further risk as a result of using the medication.

The TUE Committee must consider the following:

  • will you experience significant health problems if you don’t take the medication?
  • will the substance significantly enhance your sporting performance?
  • is there no reasonable and permitted alternative medication you could take for the illness or condition?

If the criteria are met then it’s likely a TUE will be granted.  A TUE will only be valid for the specific medication and for a certain time period. Make sure you understand the restrictions that apply to your TUE application. 

Where can I get a TUE application form?

If you need a TUE in advance, you can download a TUE application form here.  If you're an international level athlete you should contact your International Federation or call us for more information 0800 DRUGFREE (378 437)