The Prohibited List

The Prohibited List is published by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) every year and details all substances and methods which are prohibited in sport.

As a medical professional, you should be familiar with this so that you can advise athletes about the types and kinds of substances and methods that are not permitted in sport.

A substance or method may be included on the list if it meets any two of the following criteria:

  • it has the potential to enhance sporting performance
  • it presents an actual or potential health risk to the athlete
  • it violates the spirit of sport.

You can view the full WADA Prohibited List here, but the tables below give you a basic summary of the kinds of substances and methods that are banned in sport.

 

A guide to the status of common medications in sport

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Prohibited at all times – Requires a TUE

Methylphenidate (Ritalin / Concerta)

 

antibiotics

Permitted

Prohibited at all times – Requires a TUE

All antibiotics available in New Zealand are permitted in sport

Probenecid is commonly prescribed with antibiotics. It is prohibited without a TUE 

 

asthma

If you need to take medication to keep your asthma under control, you need to know which asthma medications are allowed in sport and which are not.

If you use asthma inhalers and you are tested, be aware that maximum thresholds exist and overuse of some inhalers could return a positive drug test (see below).  Follow the directions on the prescription label of your inhaler and talk with your medical professional if you need to use your inhaler frequently.

Please contact DFSNZ if you need more clarification.

Permitted

Prohibited in Sport – Requires a TUE

Salbutamol – max thresholds exist (e.g. Ventolin, Respigen)
Salmeterol - max thresholds exist (e.g. Serevent)
Formoterol - max thresholds exist (e.g. Oxis, Foradil, Symbicort)
Glucocorticoids (e.g. Beclazone, Flixotide, Pulmicort)

Terbutaline (e.g. Bricanyl), Bambuterol (e.g. Bambec) and oral Glucocorticoids (Prednisone, Prednisolone), oral salbutamol (e.g. Ventolin in syrup form), Vilanterol (e.g. Breo Ellipta)

 

cold / flu / sore throat medications

Permitted

Prohibited in competition

Phenylephrine (e.g. Lemsip and Maxclear products)

Psuedoephedrine: only ever take the recommended dose and stop using this drug at least 24 hours before competition

Paracetamol (e.g. Panadol)

Morphine based cough syrup (e.g. Gees Linctus)

 

contraception

Permitted

All oral contraceptives available in New Zealand are permitted in sport

 

diabetes

Prohibited at all times – Requires a TUE

Insulin

 

skin conditions

Permitted

Prohibited in competition

Topical Glucocorticoids (e.g. Beta cream/ointment; DP lotion/cream; DermAid; Egocort; Hydrocortisone cream; Locoid; Skincalm

Oral/Systemic

Glucocorticoids (e.g. Prednisone, Medrol)

 

glucocorticoids

Permitted

Prohibited in Competition – Requires a TUE

Glucocorticoids administered non-systemically (e.g. injections into the joint, nasal sprays and inhaled)

Glucocorticoids administered systemically (e.g. oral Prednisone, intra-muscular Kenacort injections, intravenous fluids and rectal suppositories)

 

hayfever / sinusitis medications

Permitted

Prohibited in Competition

Antihistamines (e.g. Loratab, Loraclear, Claratyne, Claramax, Phenergan, Polaramine, Razene, Telfast, Zadine, Zyrtec)

Pseudoephedrine: only ever take the recommended dose and stop using this drug at least 24 hours before competition

Nasal sprays (e.g. Flixonase, Alanase, Beconase, Drixine, Otrivin)

Oral/Injected Glucocorticoids (e.g. Prednisone, Kenacort, Dexamethasone)

 

nausea / vomiting

Permitted

e.g. Antinaus, Buccastem, Maxolon, Nausicalm, Sea-Legs, Stemetil, Serecid, Gaviscon, Quik-eze, Gastro-lyte, Mylanta

 

headaches / pain / inflammation

Permitted

Prohibited in Competition

Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatories (NSAID)

All medications that contain morphine (e.g. Sevredol, Kapanol, m-Eslon)

Ibuprofen (e.g. Brufen, Nurofen, Panafen)

Fentanyl (e.g. Durogesic, Rapifen)

Diclofenac (e.g. Diclax, Voltaren, Cataflam)

Pethidine

Pain tablets (e.g. Aspirin, Codeine, Tramal, Tramadol, Paracetamol, Panadeine)

Oral/Systemic Glucocorticoids (e.g. Prednisone, Medrol)

 

IV fluids

All prohibited substances administered by IV require a TUE. Permitted substances which require IV infusion may not exceed 100ml per 12 hours without a TUE, unless it’s given while at hospital, during surgery, or travelling in an ambulance.  Any infusions given in a non-hospital setting such as an outpatients clinic, medical rooms or on-site ambulance will require a TUE regardless of whether or not it’s permitted in sport.