Anti-doping glossary

The glossary below will help to give you an understanding of many of the commonly used anti-doping terms and phrases.

Term Definition
Adverse Analytical Finding A report from a WADA-accredited laboratory that identifies in a sample the presence of a prohibited substance (or is metabolites or markers) or evidence of the use of a prohibited method.
Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) A violation section of Article 2 of the Sports Anti-Doping Rules (or Article 2 of the World Anti-Doping Code)
Athlete Any person who participates in sport and is subject to the jurisdiction of a signatory to the Code and/or the Sports Anti-Doping Rules.
Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) Monitoring an athlete’s selected variables (`biomarkers of doping´) over time that may indirectly reveal the effect of doping, as opposed to the traditional direct detection of doping via a positive test.
Athlete Support Personnel Any coach, trainer, manager, agent, team staff, official, medical personnel, parent or any other person working with, treating or assisting an athletes participating gin or preparing for sports competition.
Athlete Representative A person designated by the athlete to assist with the verification of the sample collection procedure (not including the passing of the urine sample). This person may be a member of the athlete’s support personnel, such as a coach or team doctor, a family member, or other.
Blood Collection Officer (BCO) An official who is qualified to and has been authorised by an anti-doping organisation to collect blood sample from athletes.
Chain of custody The sequence of individuals and/or organisations that have responsibility for a sample from the provision of the sample, until the sample has been received by a laboratory for analysis.

An official who has been trained and authorised by DFSNZ to carry out specific duties including one or more of the following: notification of the athlete selected for doping control, accompanying and observing the athlete until arrival at the doping control station and/or witnessing and verifying the provision of the sample.

Candidate Chaperone – in training and yet to be fully accredited.

CodeThe World Anti-Doping Code that provides the framework for harmonised anti-doping policies, rules and regulations within sport organisations and among public authorities.
DFSNZDrug Free Sport NZ
Doping ControlAll steps and processes including test distribution planning, sample collection and handling, laboratory analysis, therapeutic use exemptions, results management, hearings and appeals.
Doping Control Officer

An official who has been trained and authorised by DFSNZ with delegated responsibility for the on-site management of a sample collection session.
Lead DCO – the DCO with overall responsibility for the test mission (where there is more than one DCO assigned).
Candidate DCO – in training and yet to be fully accredited.

Doping Control Station

The location where the sample collection will be conducted.

For In-Competition testing or Out-of-Competition camp testing this is an officially designated space at or near the competition or camp venue.

For Out-of-Competition testing this may be an athlete’s home or hotel room, rather than an officially designated space.

Event Liaison OfficerPerson nominated by the event organiser or sport to liaise with and assist the Doping Control Official during an In-Competition test mission at an event.
Failure to complyA term used to describe when an athlete (or other party) refuses or fails to submit to sample collection without compelling justification or attempts to otherwise subvert the doping control process.
Filing FailureA failure by the athlete to make an accurate and complete whereabouts filing that enables that athlete to be located for testing at times and locations set out in the whereabouts filing; or to update that whereabouts filing where necessary to ensure it remains accurate and up-to-date.

Unless provided otherwise in the rules of an International Federation or the ruling body of the event in question, this means the period commencing twelve hours before a competition in which the athlete is scheduled to participate, through to the end of such competition; and the sample collection process related to such competition.

In-Competition TestingTesting conducted in-competition during an event.  This type of testing would generally take place at the venue or location where the event is being hosted.
International FederationThe organisation recognised as the official world governing body for a particular sport.  Each has the responsibility to perform doping controls, manage Therapeutic Use Exemptions and whereabouts programmes for international athletes in its Registered Testing Pool (RTP).
International-Level AthleteAthletes designated by one or more International Federations as being within its Registered Testing Pool (RTP).
International Standard for Testing and InvestigationsA mandatory international standard developed as part of the world anti-doping programme.
Letter of AuthorityWritten authorisation provided by a Testing Authority to act on its behalf to collect Samples.
MinorA natural person who has not reached the age of eighteen (18) years as established by the Code.
Missed TestA failure by the Athlete to be available for testing at the location and time specified in the 60-minute time slot identified in his/her whereabouts filing for the day in question.
National Anti-Doping Organisation (NADO)The organisation recognised by each country as possessing the primary authority and responsibility to adopt and implement anti-doping rules, direct the collection of samples, the management of test results and the conduct of hearing, all at the national level.
National Sport OrganisationThe organisation recognised by the relevant International Federation, as the official national governing body for a particular sport.
National Testing PoolThe pool of moderate priority athletes established by DFSNZ, who are subject to focused testing as part of DFSNZ's test distribution plan and are required to provide whereabouts information excluding a daily 60-minute time slot. 
No-Advance-NoticeSample collection that takes place with no advance warning to the athlete and where the athlete is continuously chaperoned from the moment of notification through sample provision.
Out-of-CompetitionAny period that is not defined as In-Competition.
Out-of-Competition-Camp TestingTesting conducted out-of-competition on a group of athletes during a training session or camp.  This type of testing would generally take place at a training venue or team hotel.
Out-of-Competition TestingTesting conducted out-of-competition on individual athletes.  This type of testing would generally take place at an athlete’s home, training venues or other location provided in his/her whereabouts information.
Partial SampleA urine sample that does not meet the minimum required volume and must be temporarily sealed until a further Sample can be provided.
Prohibited ListLists by category or by name, substances and methods which are prohibited in sport.  Distinguishes those prohibited at all times from those prohibited in competition only.
Random Card DrawInvolves using a draw card system to randomly select athletes for testing.  Usually involves team sports where two (2) target athletes are selected and one (1) reserve athlete.
Registered Testing PoolThe pool of highest-priority athletes established by Drug Free Sport NZ, who are subject to focused testing as part of Drug Free Sport NZ’s test distribution plan and are therefore required to provide whereabouts information including a daily 60-minute time slot.
Result Management AuthorityThe organisation that has responsibility for the management of the results of testing (or other evidence of a potential anti-doping rule violation) and hearings.
SampleAny biological material collected for the purposes of doping control.
Sample Collection AuthorityThe organisation that is responsible for collecting samples whether it is also the testing authority itself; or it is authorised to collect samples by a third party (another Testing Authority).
Sample Collection PersonnelA collective term for qualified officials (including Doping Control Officers, Blood Collection Officers and Chaperones) authorised by DFSNZ who may carry out or assist with duties during the sample collection session.
SignatoriesThose entities signing the Code and agreeing to comply with the Code, including International Federations, Major Event Organisations, International and National Olympic and Paralympic Committees and National Anti-Doping Organisations.
Sport Liaison OfficerPerson nominated by the sport to liaise with and assist the Doping Control Official during an Out-Of-Competition-Camp Test Mission.
Sports Anti-Doping RulesThe rules for implementing the World Anti-Doping Code in New Zealand, established under the Sports Anti-Doping Act 2006 and to which national sports organisations agree.
Test Distribution PlanAn annual plan prepared by DFSNZ that details the number and types of tests to be conducted on athletes and within sports under its jurisdiction.
Testing AuthorityThe organisation under whose jurisdiction the testing is being conducted and/or is responsible for management of the test results.
Therapeutic Use ExemptionExemption that allows an athlete to use, for therapeutic purposes only, an otherwise prohibited substance or method (of administering a substance) which may be present during competition.
VenipunctureThe process of drawing a blood sample from an athlete’s vein.

The World Anti-Doping Agency established in November 1999 pursuant to the Lausanne Declaration on Doping in Sport. WADA's mission it is to promote, coordinate and monitor at the international level, the fight against doping in sport in its forms.

WADA Accredited LaboratoryAn anti-doping laboratory accredited by WADA in compliance with the International Standard for Laboratories.
Whereabouts FilingInformation provided quarterly by or on behalf of an athlete in the Registered Testing Pool or National Testing Pool that sets out the athlete’s whereabouts during the following quarter.
Whereabouts InformationInformation provided by or on behalf of an athlete that details the athlete’s location on a daily basis in order to enable unannounced, no-advance-notice testing.